Saturday, March 22, 2014

Uganda Show Mercy Trip

Cute kids in the nearby village - a good way to start any blog post
PART IV of VI

Saturday February 1st
Yesterday, a chunk of concrete fell off the top of the large thatched roof over the dining hall (there is a 2-foot wide concrete cap at the ridge line of the thatched roof to protect water from getting in). It’s a tall structure (30 feet), so if anyone had been struck it probably would have killed them. Fortunately that was not the case. So today, the ministry hired a contractor to come replace the entire concrete cap.
The chunk of concrete that fell off the roof
The dining hall - the concrete chunk fell from the peak of this
roof and then slid down the back side to the ground.
The chunk landed on this patio - fortunately no one was injured

The workers were out early in the morning removing the remaining cap, so I got the chance to look at it. It was easy to see the problem. First, the concrete mixture was very weak – I could break small pieces off with my hands. But also, the only reinforcement used was chicken wire, and this had merely been laid on top of the thatching such that it wasn’t actually embedded into the concrete.

The ministry director asked me to take a look at it and advise the workers. So, I spoke with the contractor, who this time was a concrete specialist, to find out his plan. He had already purchased a thicker gauge wire mesh, plus some long rebar sticks. He also had bags of cement and some piles of sand and aggregate - which wasn’t used in the original mix, so an improvement). Overall, his plan was sound, but I was able to make a few suggestions.
The workers came the next day to begin removing the concrete
cap at the ridge line and replace it with an improved cap.

First, his concrete mixture was to use one bag of cement, 2 wheelbarrows full of sand, and 4 wheelbarrows full of aggregate (rock). That 1:2:4 ratio is correct, however, the units need to be the same for all materials, otherwise that mix ratio is much different. One bag of concrete is actually about 1/2 of the wheelbarrow they use. I also told them that the original mix had used too much water – the correct ratio is 1-water to 2-cement. (Honestly, it's pretty rare for builders to *not* use too much water - even in the US!

The concrete ingredients, dropped off by delivery trucks
The other suggestion I made was to ensure the rebar was ‘lifted’ up into the concrete. Reinforced concrete is strong because the steel is good for tensile forces (i.e. resisting things from being pulled) and the concrete is good for compression forces (i.e. pushing in on something). However, if the rebar is not fully encased inside the concrete, the two will act separately and the system is weak.

It was nice to be able to be here at the right time so I could advise on this little mini-project. But thinking about it later, I realized the importance of the partnership that took place. The builder was using the materials he had selected and purchased, and the methods he was using were common for Uganda. I would have likely paid much more for the right materials and spent much more time getting them since I have less of an idea of what’s available out near the site. Also, with such a tall and steep thatched roof, I wouldn’t have known how best to get up to the ridge to do the work given the limited equipment available here.

The ladder the workers built and used to reach the ridge line.
They also installed a ramp next to the ladder, and as seen here,
used it to haul the wet concrete to the ridge for the new cap.
However, what I did know was a few things about how to use the materials best, and how to slightly modify the technique to ensure that the system worked well. It reminded me of how important EMI’s Construction Management program is, whereby some of the projects EMI has designed are shepherded through the construction process to make sure that the designs we provide are properly implemented.


But just as was the case in this situation, it is always important to remember that it is a partnership. We Westerners have training in best practices that may not be as available here in Africa. But the local builders have something to offer us in the process as well:  a good knowledge of the materials available and the most appropriate techniques for building in Africa.

A few more random picts:
Mike and I drove into the EMI office during the trip one night
and I got to see one of our old EMI guards, Wilson. This
guy was like family to us - Jonah spent hours and hours out
in the yard with Wilson, planting a garden, doing yard work, etc.

Jaz used a luggage scale to measure ingredients
for the birthday cake she made for intern Abby.

Interns Natalie (L) and Abby (R) enjoying dinner. We left these
two behind in the UK when we left, which was sad because we
had got to know them pretty well in the short time we had.

I tend to stare off into middle space when I'm concentrating,
unlike the much more civilized and disciplined Mike, who
actually looks at the person who's talking.

Volunteer Terry (Agriculture), distracting intern Abby.

In the Dining hall - Terry in the background is enjoying his coffee,
Graham is about to enjoy his coffee, Mike has already enjoyed
some of his coffee, and Dave appears to be pretending to
have a coffee presumably to fit in with the others.

Sunday, March 2, 2014

Show Mercy Int'l Project Trip - Uganda

Out front of the Show Mercy site
PART III of VI

Friday January 31st
When Show Mercy Int’l started in Uganda back in 2004, their core mission was started to help the orphaned and abandoned children problem in Uganda (a problem experienced by nearly all of the AIDS ravaged countries of Sub-Saharan Africa). Seeing and meeting so many children without a mom or dad, or a home, tugged at their hearts to the point of compelling them to act.

As their vision took full shape after years of working and partnering with a local children’s home ministry, they finally constructed a site of their own in 2011 based on the EMI master plan. As I mentioned before, their 3-pronged ministry approach was to operate children’s homes, mission guesthouses for short-term mission teams, and a medical clinic. Phase 1 of the construction was the mission and long-term guesthouses, and the medical clinic.
The public entrance to the medical clinic. The well-manicured
and pristine setting at the clinic is such an important piece in
creating hope in the local people needing medical attention. 
Since being on the ground for the past few years, Show Mercy has had a chance to engage more in the children’s lives and understand more about their needs. What they’ve discovered is that they feel the primary influence on the children’s lives occurs at school. Since the children leave for school early in the morning and don’t return until the early evening, the educators are actually engaging the children more than their caretakers at the home.

Of course this could be said even in Western cultures, but the longer school days combined with the more communal living style of the homes makes the situation here even more weighted towards the schools. Thus, Show Mercy made the strategic decision to change focus away from building children’s homes on their site to providing a school where they can help shape the hearts and minds of the children, and ‘fill them with the truth of who they are in Christ’ (according to Mike Salley, the ministry director).
Team prayer time each morning, and devotion time each
evening (as depicted here). Such an important part of
EMI trips.
At present, Show Mercy is supporting about 100 children through a partnership with a local children’s home. It’s hoped that some of these kids will attend the school, but that will be the decision of the children’s home. The new school will have boarding for 200 of the 300 planned students, so it’s possible that some of these children could end up being boarded on the site as well. Either way, there are a number of nearby kids in the community who will attend the school as well, along with a portion of students who will pay to attend (thereby subsidizing the orphaned and community children who couldn’t possibly afford to attend the school).
The village church

Hanging out with the village kids at the weekly lunch group
event Show Mercy sponsors.
Ronald, one of the boys who Show Mercy helps. Ronald
was leaving for his boarding school the next day to begin
secondary school this year.

The kids come to the church for 2 hours once a week to hear
a message, sing some songs, do an activity, and then eat a
huge meal that Show Mercy funds but is served by the local
church workers.
Playing football with the similarly inclined boys in the village.

Overall, it really is motivating to be working with a ministry who has been so successful in getting up and running so quickly, building the previous EMI design, but also is not afraid to course-correct in order to best carry out what they feel God has called them to do. I think their rationale is sound, and seeing the impact they’re already having on some of their staff makes me even more excited to think about the lives that will be impacted by the school we’re designing.
Working with the undertakers at the cemetery civil engineers
on site getting the hole just the right size and depth.


Refereeing a discussion between the civil engineers and
architects.

Intern Zach hard at work